The Only Contemporary European Colonial Power?
Colonialism is a process whereby sovereignty over one colony is claimed by the monarch of the “mother” country, who as needs arise, can impose a new government, new linguistic and cultural forms, and new social structures on the colony.
Colonialism establishes and reinforces unequal relationships between the monarch and the colony and between colonists and the indigenous peoples.
Prime reasons for the practice of colonialism:
- To expand the power and prestige of the monarch.
- To convert the indigenous population to the monarch’s religion, often through Christian conversion missions.
- To instill discipline and respect for authority and to control people who are disobediently wayward
In a few weeks, on July 4th, we citizens of the United States will, of course, once again commemorate our own Declaration of Independence from colonial servitude to the King of England.
Colonialism is demeaning and destructive. It stunts normal individual and social human growth. It restricts the development and exercise of mature responsibility and shared decision-making.
When I think about Pope Benedict sending his episcopal emissaries to Ireland for the autumn 2010 Apostolic Visitation, I get a strong sense that the Holy See may very well be the last European colonial power.
The collegiality of Vatican II and the post Vatican II stress on the importance of national conferences of bishops were healthy moves away from ecclesiastical colonialism.
More than forty years ago we Catholics said it was time to move beyond all forms of colonialism.
Colonialism has no place in the Church of Jesus Christ.
American Catholics Should be Especially Adverse to Colonialism.
We can be proud of Archbishop John Carroll: our first American Catholic Bishop.
(1) Carroll, first bishop of Baltimore, had respect for the Pope, but was keenly alert to the dangers of papal colonialism. He wanted no part of it for the developing Catholic Church in the United States.
(2) Were Archbishop Carroll alive today, no doubt most of his successors in the USCCB would brand him a disloyal and disobedient dissident — if not a first class heretic.
(3) Carroll struggled to avoid “any dependence on foreign jurisdiction.” In 1783 when he heard that the Vatican independent of the American clergy, was about to appoint a superior for the American clergy he was enraged. He wrote to his English friend Charles Plowden:
“This you may be assured of: that no authority derived from the Propaganda will ever be admitted here. The Catholic clergy and laity here know that the only connection they ought to have with Rome is to acknowledge the Pope as the spiritual head of the Church. No congregations existing in his (Papal) States shall be allowed to exercise any share of his spiritual authority here.…If we are to have a bishop, he shall be an ordinary national bishop in whose appointment Rome shall have no share.”